James Hutton, 18th century founder of modern geology
Deep Time is a concept originating in the science of geology. It refers to the existence of very long intervals of time in earth history where small changes can lead to enormous changes, given enough time. Small variations within a species can lead to evolution of new life; small rates of erosion can level mountains.
Every day, the world's population will get a little richer. Our technological revolutions have raised the living standards of billions of people. This is a good news story, one that brings opportunity for business growth and prosperity. This is provided that we manage our economy within what our groundwater systems can sustain. We need to appreciate too that people act as a force of nature now.
There will be a little climate change every day. Even if efforts to reduce our greenhouse gas emissions to net zero happen, there are enough legacy emissions circulating in our atmosphere to alter our climate for decades to come. Climate change will impact our society directly through our groundwater supplies, so businesses, cities, and nations need to be ready to adapt.
Prosperity is powered by energy. And there will be energy evolution, a bit at a time. We are moving to a low-carbon future. Hydrogen, geothermal, wind, and nuclear energy from the earth will need to complement the low-carbon fossil fuels that we will need for decades to come. With exceptional planning, energy developments do not need to impact the quantity or quality of our groundwater.